The Positive Impact of Tourism on the Lives of People

The Positive Impact of Tourism on the Lives of People

The Positive Impact of Tourism on the Lives of People

Beginning in 1992, the prevailing military regime in Myanmar started to encourage tourism, and private enterprises could apply for licenses to offer a wide range of tourism services. However, tourism only started to boom in 2010, after the democratic election and the regime’s promise to transfer power to duly elected civilians.

According to the Ministry of Hotels and Tourism, in 2010, 791,505 tourists visited Myanmar. In 2011 the number grew to 816,000. In 2012, the number of foreign visitors exceeded one million. The reason behind the rapid increase was a disingenuous tactic by the regime’s proxy party, USDP (Union Solidarity and Development Party). Secure in their grip on power, the generals and their cronies, backed by the 2008 constitution that they themselves had painstakingly written for their own benefit, released Daw Aung San Suu Kyi from house arrest. Soon afterwards, the US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton visited Myanmar. The USDP demonstrated to the international community their willingness to promote national reconciliation and democracy. Tourism boomed, but the industry was ill-prepared for the onslaught and high demand. There were serious gaps in infrastructure; shortages of accommodations, transport, restaurants and tourism professionals; and most unforgivable, utter failure to implement policies to protect the national heritage and ancient monuments. Prices soared unreasonably because of high demand and greedy, opportunistic suppliers. Still, the number of arrivals rose at a steady pace: 2.04 million in 2013, and 3.08 million in 2014. During those years, 71% were from Asian countries. Then in November 2014, a visit from US President Barack Obama bolstered tourism even further. In 2015, a record 4.7 million tourists visited Myanmar. Around 70% were from China, Thailand, and Japan.

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With tourist numbers shooting up in 2013, backpackers ended up staying in monasteries, and many package tours were forced to postpone. To meet soaring demand, hotels were built in haste. In 2015, tourism generated US$2.64 billion in foreign investment in 47 construction projects. That year, 340 hotels were operating, compared with 290 in 2014. The number of tour companies also increased from 1,670 in 2014 to 1,922 in 2016.

In 2007, 12% of government revenues, or $182 million USD, was derived from tourism. In 2013, tourism contributed US$926 million to the economy. The sector rose to US$1.78 billion in 2014.

cid:617D4605-2857-4783-9A42-37BDC7C426F1 Tourism has long been promoted by advocacy groups as a means of providing an economic benefit to Burmese civilians, and preventing isolation from the rest of the world. Voices for Burma, a pro-democracy advocacy group, states, “We believe that small-scale, responsible tourism can create more benefits than harm. So long as tourists are fully aware of the situation and take steps to maximize their positive impact and minimize the negatives, we feel their visit can be beneficial overall. Responsible tourists can help Burma, primarily by bringing money to local communities and small businesses, and by raising awareness of the situation worldwide.”

Other pro-democracy activists, such as Ma Thanegi, advocate small scale tourism and careful spending. Burma’s pro-democracy leader, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi had, in the past, called for a tourism boycott. However, in May 2011, she and her National League for Democracy party expressed the opinion that responsible tourism to Burma should be encouraged. Tourists are welcome in Burma, they said, provided they are “keen to promote the welfare of the common people and the conservation of the environment, and to acquire an insight into the cultural, political and social life of the country, while enjoying a happy and fulfilling holiday in Burma.” Their official statement also cites livelihood, self- respect and self-reliance as benefits.

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Indeed, well managed tourism can play a positive role in socio, cultural, economic, environmental and political development.

cid:5B877A46-5F8D-4E0F-A3AF-C1AEE313E0F7Tourism fosters pride in cultural traditions, because visitors’ fascination with and admiration of handicrafts, age-old customs, religious rituals and traditional attire, serve as incentives to maintain them.

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The presence of foreign tourists has also been a force for positive change by raising awareness of environmental preservation, recycling and nature conservancy. It also incentivizes youths to learn a foreign language, take an interest in world affairs, and pursue occupations in a service industry.

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In addition, tourism has a significant positive economic impact on the people of Myanmar. It teaches new skills, increases income potential, and creates local employment that allows job-seekers to remain in their communities, rather than relocate to cities. International tourism has led to the creation of new jobs in hotels, restaurants, nightclubs, taxi services, and souvenir sales. It has also created a market for suppliers of goods and services, street vendors, informal guides, rickshaw drivers, etc. The earnings from these informal sources do not figure into studies or economic reports, but they are returned to the local economy with a great multiplier effect, as they are spent over and over again. The World Travel and Tourism Council estimates that tourism generates an indirect contribution equal to 100% of direct tourism expenditures.

 

 

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Tourism raises local awareness of the financial value of natural and cultural sites. It engenders pride in the national heritage and interest in its conservation. For example, in the Inle Lake area, slash-and-burn agricultural has a major detrimental effect on the ecosystem. As tourism creates alternate jobs and income, as well as pride in the natural resources, the priorities shift to environmental protection, conservation, restoration of bio diversity and sustainability.

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Tourists’ appreciation of the scenic beauty of the countryside inspires local appreciation of the environment and spreads awareness of the value of nature. This leads to environmentally conscious behavior and activities to preserve the environment.

C:\Users\User\Documents\Photos\Burma\Floating-Garden.jpgTourism can play a vital role in the conservation of endangered areas and habitats. With responsible management, revenue from park entrance fees can be allocated to pay for the protection and management of environmentally sensitive areas. Special fees for park operations or conservation activities can be collected from tourists or tour operators. For example, on July 1, 2013, the Inle Lake zone fee increased from 5US$ to 10US$ per foreign tourist. The extra 5US$ per tourist is devoted to conservation work on the lake.

 

Although current conditions make it inadvisable to visit Myanmar, we look forward to welcoming you when the time is right. Not only will you experience the trip of a lifetime in a truly magical place. You will help to sustain the essential role that tourism plays in the economy, environment, society and traditional culture. Indeed, you will help to bring about positive change in the lives of the world’s friendliest, most hospitable, hard-working and deserving people.

 

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391 thoughts on “The Positive Impact of Tourism on the Lives of People

    1. ဟုတ်ကဲ့
      ကျေးဇူး
      မောင့်မူပိုင်ရှင် ဒွန်တွန်းတွန်းတွန်တွန်

    2. Thanks alot fr sharing about toursim history of past days in Myanmar. We all are hoping to become one of most well-known destinations in the world as our country already have exotic natural beauty and amazing prestige cultural & historic sites. Its development is depending on better goverment’s management

      1. Agree! For now, it is better to postpone your visit to Myanmar so that the 💰 will not support the junta regime.

    3. “တော်လှန်ရေးက လေရေမြေ
      အာဟာရညီမှ ပွင့်တဲ့ပန်းပဲ
      တော်လှန်ရေးမပွင့်ခင်
      လမ်းမပေါ် ပွင့်ထွက်သွားတဲ့
      ခေါင်းခွံတွေက စကားတခွန်း
      ပြောသွားသေးလား

      -ကေဇဝင်း

  1. Amazing myanmar traditional .Sweet and honest myanmar country😘. Anyway thanks u so so much for let me know these culture💕

  2. Although current conditions make it inadvisable to visit Myanmar, we look forward to welcoming you when the time is right.
    Right!
    Thank you for sharing this knowledge

  3. – Jobs created

    – More money for the country

    – Local traditions and customs are kept alive because tourists enjoy traditional shows.

    – Money from tourists can be used to protect the natural landscape

    – New facilities for the tourists also benefit locals.

    – Greater demand for local food and crafts

  4. One day I will go Burmese Cat village and Mine Thout bridge at Inlay Lake and rest at Khaung Tai hotel. Pretty miss Khaung Tai hotel and beautiful view of water Lily around.

  5. ဒီနေ့နည်းနေသေးတယ်တယ်တဲ့ကိုယ့်လူတို့ရေ 🙁

  6. Tourism is vital for the success of many economies around the world. There are several benefits of tourism on host destinations. Tourism boosts the revenue of the economy, creates thousands of jobs, develops the infrastructures of a country, and plants a sense of cultural exchange between foreigners and citizens.

  7. 07/03/2022

    – Jobs created

    – More money for the country

    – Local traditions and customs are kept alive because tourists enjoy traditional shows.

    – Money from tourists can be used to protect the natural landscape

    – New facilities for the tourists also benefit locals.

    – Greater demand for local food and crafts

  8. 08/03/2022

    – Jobs created

    – More money for the country

    – Local traditions and customs are kept alive because tourists enjoy traditional shows.

    – Money from tourists can be used to protect the natural landscape

    – New facilities for the tourists also benefit locals.

    – Greater demand for local food and crafts

  9. Positive impacts of tourism

    ▪️ Jobs created.

    ▪️ More money for the country.

    ▪️ Local traditions and customs are kept alive because tourists enjoy traditional shows.

    ▪️ Money from tourists can be used to protect the natural landscape.

    ▪️New facilities for the tourists also benefit locals.

    ▪️Greater demand for local food and crafts.

    Ref: BBC

    And than indeed, well managed tourism can play a positive role in socio, cultural, economic, environmental and political development

  10. Positive impacts of tourism

    ▪️ Jobs created.

    ▪️ More money for the country.

    ▪️ Local traditions and customs are kept alive because tourists enjoy traditional shows.

    ▪️ Money from tourists can be used to protect the natural landscape.

    ▪️New facilities for the tourists also benefit locals.

    ▪️Greater demand for local food and crafts.

  11. Indeed, well managed tourism can play a positive role in socio, cultural, economic, environmental and political development.
    Thanks for sharing.

  12. Travel, meet new places, people, food, cultures and everything. Everything with love.

  13. Positive impacts of tourism

    ▪️ Jobs created.

    ▪️ More money for the country.

    ▪️ Local traditions and customs are kept alive because tourists enjoy traditional shows.

    ▪️ Money from tourists can be used to protect the natural landscape.

    ▪️New facilities for the tourists also benefit locals.

    ▪️Greater demand for local food and crafts.

    Thanks for sharing

  14. Building such sector takes long. It provides country’s economic developing. Hmm. we have to build such sector again.

  15. Positive impacts of tourism

    ▪️ Jobs created.

    ▪️ More money for the country.

    ▪️ Local traditions and customs are kept alive because tourists enjoy traditional shows.

    ▪️ Money from tourists can be used to protect the natural landscape.

    ▪️New facilities for the tourists also benefit locals.

    ▪️Greater demand for local food and crafts.

    Thanks for sharing. Great topic

  16. Positive impacts of tourism

    ▪️ Jobs created.

    ▪️ More money for the country.

    ▪️ Local traditions and customs are kept alive because tourists enjoy traditional shows.

    ▪️ Money from tourists can be used to protect the natural landscape.

    ▪️New facilities for the tourists also benefit locals.

    ▪️Greater demand for local food and crafts.

    Thanks for sharing. Great topic. Interesting

  17. 13032022

    Positive impacts of tourism

    ▪️ Jobs created.

    ▪️ More money for the country.

    ▪️ Local traditions and customs are kept alive because tourists enjoy traditional shows.

    ▪️ Money from tourists can be used to protect the natural landscape.

    ▪️New facilities for the tourists also benefit locals.

    ▪️Greater demand for local food and crafts.

    Thanks for sharing. Great topic. Interesting

  18. 14032022

    Positive impacts of tourism

    ▪️ Jobs created.

    ▪️ More money for the country.

    ▪️ Local traditions and customs are kept alive because tourists enjoy traditional shows.

    ▪️ Money from tourists can be used to protect the natural landscape.

    ▪️New facilities for the tourists also benefit locals.

    ▪️Greater demand for local food and crafts.

    Thanks for sharing. Great topic. Interesting

  19. 15032022

    Positive impacts of tourism

    ▪️ Jobs created.

    ▪️ More money for the country.

    ▪️ Local traditions and customs are kept alive because tourists enjoy traditional shows.

    ▪️ Money from tourists can be used to protect the natural landscape.

    ▪️New facilities for the tourists also benefit locals.

    ▪️Greater demand for local food and crafts.

    Thanks for sharing. Great topic. Interesting

  20. 16032022

    Positive impacts of tourism

    ▪️ Jobs created.

    ▪️ More money for the country.

    ▪️ Local traditions and customs are kept alive because tourists enjoy traditional shows.

    ▪️ Money from tourists can be used to protect the natural landscape.

    ▪️New facilities for the tourists also benefit locals.

    ▪️Greater demand for local food and crafts.

    Thanks for sharing. Great topic. Interesting

  21. 21032022

    Positive impacts of tourism

    ▪️ Jobs created.

    ▪️ More money for the country.

    ▪️ Local traditions and customs are kept alive because tourists enjoy traditional shows.

    ▪️ Money from tourists can be used to protect the natural landscape.

    ▪️New facilities for the tourists also benefit locals.

    ▪️Greater demand for local food and crafts.

    Thanks for sharing. Great topic. Interesting

  22. 22032022

    Positive impacts of tourism

    ▪️ Jobs created.

    ▪️ More money for the country.

    ▪️ Local traditions and customs are kept alive because tourists enjoy traditional shows.

    ▪️ Money from tourists can be used to protect the natural landscape.

    ▪️New facilities for the tourists also benefit locals.

    ▪️Greater demand for local food and crafts.

    Thanks for sharing. Great topic. Interesting

  23. Really missed those times around 2010 to 2015, really great movement in Myanmar. Junta should has been cleaver to maintain good fortune of Myanmar. They were so stupid. 🙁

  24. 23032022

    Positive impacts of tourism

    ▪️ Jobs created.

    ▪️ More money for the country.

    ▪️ Local traditions and customs are kept alive because tourists enjoy traditional shows.

    ▪️ Money from tourists can be used to protect the natural landscape.

    ▪️New facilities for the tourists also benefit locals.

    ▪️Greater demand for local food and crafts.

    Thanks for sharing. Great topic. Interesting

  25. 24032022

    Positive impacts of tourism

    ▪️ Jobs created.

    ▪️ More money for the country.

    ▪️ Local traditions and customs are kept alive because tourists enjoy traditional shows.

    ▪️ Money from tourists can be used to protect the natural landscape.

    ▪️New facilities for the tourists also benefit locals.

    ▪️Greater demand for local food and crafts.

    Thanks for sharing. Great topic. Interesting

  26. 25032022

    Positive impacts of tourism

    ▪️ Jobs created.

    ▪️ More money for the country.

    ▪️ Local traditions and customs are kept alive because tourists enjoy traditional shows.

    ▪️ Money from tourists can be used to protect the natural landscape.

    ▪️New facilities for the tourists also benefit locals.

    ▪️Greater demand for local food and crafts.

    Thanks for sharing. Great topic. Interesting

  27. အဂႅလိပ်လိုမန့်တာမရဘူး သိဘူးရေးလို့တာနဲ့ရေးခဲ့လိုက်ပြီ😍

  28. Number of tourists in 2015 was over 4 million. How about 2016 and onwards? Don’t get me wrong..I’d like to know how the crisis in Rakhine in 2016 had an impact in tourism.

    1. It went down to 2.9 million in 2016. But increased to 3.44 in 2017 and 3.55 in 2018. In fact, in those years, the increase in numbers was caused mainly by Asian tourists. The numbers of Western tourists declined. This scenario made the overall income declined too.

  29. 29032022

    Positive impacts of tourism

    ▪️ Jobs created.

    ▪️ More money for the country.

    ▪️ Local traditions and customs are kept alive because tourists enjoy traditional shows.

    ▪️ Money from tourists can be used to protect the natural landscape.

    ▪️New facilities for the tourists also benefit locals.

    ▪️Greater demand for local food and crafts.

    Thanks for sharing. Great topic. Interesting

  30. 09042022

    Positive impacts of tourism

    ▪️ Jobs created.

    ▪️ More money for the country.

    ▪️ Local traditions and customs are kept alive because tourists enjoy traditional shows.

    ▪️ Money from tourists can be used to protect the natural landscape.

    ▪️New facilities for the tourists also benefit locals.

    ▪️Greater demand for local food and crafts.

    Thanks for sharing. Great topic. Interesting

  31. The Positive Impact of Tourism on the Lives of People…!!..Thanks For Sharing
    Knowledge .

  32. Thanks for this knowledgeable post
    Toursm is good for both visitors and citizens of that country.

  33. တော်လှန်သကြႅန်နော်သဲလေးတို့ရေအားလုံးပါဝင်ကြစို့

  34. မအေလိုးမင်းအောင်လှိုင် မင်းအောင်လှို says:

    for freedom

  35. တော်လှန်သကြႅန်ဒို့အတူပါဝင်ဆင်နွှဲ

  36. မိတ်ဆွေတို့အားလုံးဂရုစိုက်ကြပ့ခင်ဗျာ

  37. “… the world’s friendliest, most hospitable, hard-working and deserving people.”
    So true. Can’t wait to come back one day. Working on it … ❤

  38. ဒီအချိန်ဒီကာလတွေမှာအဆင်ပြေအောင်နေနေရဲ့လား😔

  39. Thanks for sharing.
    miss the oldies day in Myanmar before military junta ruined all

  40. Now the potential for the country and the people is ruined by a group of people who are greedy, greedy, greedy, greedy, greedy, greedy, greedy, greedy, greedy, greedy, greedy

  41. ေရးဖို႔အႀကိမ္ႀကိမ္ ႀကိဳးစားဆဲ

  42. Tourism industrial is the industries that less energies consuming and CO2 emissions.

    1. When I was young, I wanna be tourist guide. Bcoz I wanna explore all around in Myanmar. But forgot it coz of my bad speaking skill and lazy to read about historical places.

  43. Myanmar is a wonderful country, attracting every year more and more tourists indeed.

  44. I hope our country will become unique tourist attraction place after revolution.

  45. My childhood dream…..
    “If I were tourist guide, I will promote our traditional quality products.”

  46. I hope Myanmar will be an open and free country again soon, and many more people can come and see how beautiful our country is!

  47. sometime i would wonder if i’m waking up at Inle khaung tai and drinking coffee alongside of lake. seeing seagulls are flying over the lake, it is just a dream now.

  48. Tourismကိုစိတ်ဝင်စားတယ်သဘောလည်းကျတယ်
    ဒါပေမယ့်english စကား​ေပြပာတတ်ဘူးself studyနေတာလည်းကြာပေါ့ မြန်မာစကားပဲပြောတတ်တယ်😁

  49. C2dကဝင်​ငွေနည်း​လေကိုယ်ကိုကိုယ်​ဒေါသထွက်​လေဘဲ​နေမ​ကောင်းမဖြစ်ချင်ဘူး​နေမ​ကောင်း​တော့သိပ်မကလစ်နိုင်မကလစ်နို​တော့ပိုက်ဆံကအဝင်နည်းလာ ဟူး

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